FLUORIDE


Quarterly Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research Inc. (ISFR)



The 35th conference of the ISFR, Harbin, People's Republic of China. July 28-31, 2022. The conference was held online due to Covid 19. The abstracts of 94 papers and 46 posters are now available on the website.

  • First announcement and call for abstracts: XXXVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Harbin, Peoples Republic of China, July 28-31, 2022:

    (PDF, Date of announcement 20 October 2021)
  • Website, in Chinese and English, including link for online submissions which is now open and QR (Quick Response) code for login with a personal computer or mobile phone, for the: XXXVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Harbin, Peoples Republic of China, July 28-31, 2022. To toggle between Chinese and English, click on the word Chinese in the top line of the webpage and a menu giving a choice between Chinese and English will appear.

    (PDF, Date of posting 2 January 2022)
  • Searching all the issues of Fluoride since 1968

    To search this site, (including PDF documents) for an author or subject enter the key words in the white box on the left below and then click the search button on the right:

    Accessing the latest issue of Fluoride

    Accessing all the issues of Fluoride since 1968 in full text

    Back issues 1968-2022. (PDF)

    Accessing the proceedings of the four international workshops on fluorosis and defluoridation of water

    Now available on the internet for the first time with full colour in the illustrations.

    Proceedings of the 1st international workshop on fluorosis and defluoridation of water. Ngurdoto, Tanzania, October 18-22, 1995. (PDF)

    Proceedings of the 2nd international workshop on fluorosis and defluoridation of water. Nazreth, Ethiopia, November 19-25, 1997. (PDF)

    Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop on fluorosis and defluoridation of water. Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 20-24, 2000. (PDF)

    Proceedings of the 4th international workshop on fluorosis and defluoridation of water. Colombo, Sri Lanka, march 2-6, 2004. (PDF)

    Epublications ahead of print

    These will be posted online as they become ready.

  • Tangestani M, Spitz J, Bahrani F, Mahvi AH, Dobaradaran S. The non-carcinogenic risk via consumption of commercially available salt in Germany. (PDF, accepted 27 June 2021)
  • Ayub G, Husain M, Rahman N, Khan R, Bejaoui I, Zaman T, Sohail M, Khan AA, Iqbal A, Khan A. Computation of structural, elastic, and optical properties of BaTF3 (t = Hf and Ta) ternary fluoride Perovskites using DFT approach. (PDF, accepted 18 October 2022)
  • Epublications ahead of copy-editing, type-setting, and print

    These papers have been accepted for publication in Fluoride after peer review and are awaiting copy-editing and type-setting. They will then be moved to the section above of Epublications ahead of print and, in due course, appear in print with the final volume and page numbers. Publication of papers as an Epublication ahead of copy-editing, type-setting, and print is being done to minimize the time between acceptance and publication in some form which is important for providing timeliness of publication and author needs including those for graduation and promotion.

  • Ezberci S, Alkis M. Knowledge of the parents of children living in Usak province, Turkey, about oral health, proventive applications, and fluoride. (PDF, accepted 13 April 2021)
  • Ali M, Shahani R, Ahmad SM, Hassan S, Nawaz A, Haris Shah M. Medical personnel's attitudes and awareness regarding benefits and risks of use of fluoridated substances: Case study in Peshawar city, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. (PDF, accepted 11 May 2021)
  • Urooj R, Ahmad SS, Ahmad MN. Hotspots of fluoride pollution in fields around the coal-fired brick kilns. (PDF, accepted 19 May 2021)
  • Lombarte M, Fina BL, Lima AL, Lupo M, Buzalaf MAR. Differential expression of protein in muscle of rats treated with fluoride and exercise. (PDF, accepted 2 August 2021)
  • Pattaravisitsate N, Phetrak A, Denpetkul T, Kittipongvises S, Kuroda K. Effects of brewing conditions on infusible fluoride levels in tea and herbal products and probalistic health risk assessment. (PDF, accepted 7 July 2021)
  • Jahanimoghadam F, Gisour EF, Dehesh T, Hasheminejad J, Ranjbar M. The comparison of conventional sodium fluoride varnish and nano sodium fluoride gel regarding fluoride uptake into enamel of deciduous teeth: An in-vitro study with SEM-EDX analysis. (PDF, accepted 31 August 2021)
  • Shitova AS, Petrenko DB, Okina OI, Vasiliev NV. Fluoride influence on the growth, morphological, and biochemical parameters and elemental composition of Triticum aestivum L. in the model experiment. (PDF, accepted 8 September 2021)
  • Ahmad M, Mustafa G, Ali N, Laiq M. Statistical prediction of fluoride concentration in groundwater of district Multan, Pakistan, using Kriging methods. (PDF, accepted 16 September 2021)
  • Eliacik BK, Karahan M, Baysan C, Koruyucu M, Seymen F. Assessment of education, knowledge and attitudes of pediatric dentists about silver diamine fluoride in a country without official approval as preventive treatment. (PDF, accepted 18 September 2021)
  • Koruyucu M, Ozcan H, Birant S, Ilisulu C, Bekiroglu N, Seymen F. Investigation of the self-reported attitude of dentists towards preventive applications. (PDF, accepted 28 September 2021)
  • Valdez-Jimenez L, Valdez-Jimenez LM, Marin-Barba P, Perez-Vega MI. Correlation analysis of fluoride levels and cognitive test performances in the adult population exposed to water consumption with high concentrations of fluoride. (PDF, accepted 16 October 2021)
  • Tan SW, Pang SJ, Zhu SQ, Wei W, Sun DJ. Protective effect of anthocyanins from blueberry on fluoride-induced immune system injury in Wistar rats. (PDF, accepted 26 October 2021)
  • Balkan E, Yalcin Cakir F, Koc Vural U, Gurgan S. Evaluation of the amount of fluoride release and micro hardness of enamel adjacent to different fluoride releasing restorative materials. (PDF, accepted 28 November 2021)
  • Zhao YH, Naeth MA, Nichol C. Accumulation and deposition of airborne fluoride on vegetation over nine years of biomonitoring. (PDF, accepted 6 December 2021)
  • Ahmed S, Kausar S, Jabeen F, Ansari M, Bukhari S, Sajid M, Ahmad MN, Hussain S, Babar S. Effects of salicylic acid on some yield characteristics of Capsicum annuum L. under sodium fluoride stress. (PDF, accepted 31 December 2021)
  • Ahmed S, Kausar S, Jabeen F, Ansari M, Bukhari S, Hussain S, Sadar R, Ahmad MN, Sajid M. Salicylic acid alleviates the adverse effects of sodium fluoride stress by improving growth and biochemical attributes in Capsicum annuum L. (PDF, accepted 31 December 2021)
  • Zulfiqar A, Mushtaq I, Ahmed S, Ali M, Saleem A, Sadar R, Ahmad MN. Fluoride resistant bacteria alleviate fluoride stress in Triticum aestivum L. through modulating gas exchange characteristics and enhanced plant growth. (PDF, accepted 15 January 2022)
  • Barczak K, Bosiacki M, Lipski M, Gutowska I, Lagocka R, Chlubek D. Do the levels of fluoride and various elements in Biodentine influence its biocompatibility with tooth tissue? (PDF, accepted 24 January 2022)
  • Nawaz M, Ahmad SS, Urooj R. Growth and biochemical responses of lady's finger ( Abelmoschus esculents grown in fluoride contaminated soil augmented with biochar. (PDF, accepted 24 January 2022)
  • Ahmed S, Umar I, Jabeen F, Ansan M, Bukhari S, Ahmad MN, Sadar R, Ahmad M, Khan MT, Zadid SR. Sodium fluoride induced changes in the growth and yield of ( Spinacia oleracea L. (PDF, accepted 12 February 2022)
  • Ahmed S, Ahmad M, Ansari M, Sardar R, Ahmad MN, Umar I, Bukhari S, Zadid SR, Khan MT. Growth and yield characteristics of ( Lactuca sativa L. to different concentrations of sodium fluoride. (PDF, accepted 12 February 2022)
  • Ahmed S, Mudassar S, Ansari M, Jabeen F, Sadar R, Bukhari S, Ahmad MN, Kamran A, Amjad M, Khan MT, Haziq MA. Evaluation of sodium fluoride induced stress on growth and yield of ( Lycoersicon esculentum L. (PDF, accepted 12 February 2022)
  • Kerdoun MA, Mekhloufi S, Adjaine OEK, Kerdoun RM, Dali H, Mouffok S. Assessment of fluoride daily intake from water and tea infusions in endemic Ouargla, Algeria. (PDF, accepted 19 February 2022)
  • Kolus T, Durmus E, Ulker HE, Celik I. New varnishes alternative to fluoride for prevention of dental erosion. (PDF, accepted 27 February 2022)
  • Ali M, Ahmad MS, Acevedo-Duque A, Irfan M, Abbas H. Evaluating the influence of fluoridated water on the intelligence level of children: On the path towards a greener future. (PDF, accepted 1 March 2022)
  • Zulfiqar A, Fatima R, Ahmed S, Saleem A, Sardar R, Ahmad MN, Yasin NA. Mechanistic insights into the interaction of fluoride resistant bacteria with wheat roots towards enhancing plant productivity by alleviating fluoride stress. (PDF, accepted 20 March 2022)
  • Wang EH, Ping GF, Li H, Sun YQ. Protective effect of grape seed procyanidin against fluoride-enduced hepatic injury in rats. (PDF, accepted 12 April 2022)
  • Tahir M, Husain M, Rahman N, Sohail M, Khan R, Neffati R, Murtaza G, Khan AA, Iqbal A, Ullah A, Khan A. First principle study of structural, electronic, elastic and optical properties of TIXF3(X = Ag and Pd) employing accurate Tb-Mbj approach. (PDF, accepted 14 April 2022)
  • Bhat RS, Alonazia MA, Aldbass AM, Alghamdia JM, Al-Diahan S. Trigonella foenum-graecum L. seed germination undersodium halide salts exposure. (PDF, accepted 22 April 2022)
  • Aslam A, Nawaz H, Khan A, Ghaffar R, Abbas G. Effect of exogenous application of citric acid on growth of maize ( Zea mays L.) under sodium fluoride stress. (PDF, accepted 12 May 2022)
  • Validandi V, Khandare AL, Dheeravath S, Venkata SM, Kurella S, Sinha SN. Nutritional, biochemical, and histopathological study on dose and time dependent effects in fluoride exposed rats. (PDF, accepted 18 May 2022)
  • Nemera TB, Chandravanshi BS, Chebude Y. Fluoride content of widely used traditional toothbrushes from selected areas of Ethiopia (PDF, accepted 2 June 2022)
  • Choubisa SL. A brief review of chronic fluoride toxicosis in the small ruminants, sheep, and goats in India: focus on its adverse economic consequences. (PDF, accepted 7 June 2022)
  • Khorsand M, Pazira A, Tabatabaie. Risk assessment of fluoride in drinking water and correlation with children's Intelligence Quotient in rurals of Bushehr province. (PDF, accepted 17 April 2022)
  • Eliacik BK, Erdogan F. The 100 most cited articles on dental fluorosis from 2010 to 2021: A bibliographic analysis. (PDF, accepted 21 June 2022)
  • Ghalhari MR, Bashardoust P, Khoshnamvand N, Mahvi AJH. Quantitative probabilistic risk assessment of fluoride, nitrate, and nitrite from bottled water in West-Iranian consumers. (PDF, accepted 30 June 2022)
  • Usman J, Begum S. Assessment of spatial and temporal variation in soil fluoride and organic matter relationship: Its implications for carbon sequestration potential. (PDF, accepted 24 July 2022)
  • Vural UK, Yilmax AE, Meral E, Gurgan S. Color change, surface roughness and microhardness of fluoride releasing restoratives after exposure to various tea solutions and bleaching treatment. (PDF, accepted 4 August 2022)
  • Ahmed S, Fatima M, Ansari M, Babar S, Sardar R, Ahmad MN, Haider A, Ismail MA, Zaman N. Evaluation of the curative effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles on Solanum melongena L. under fluoride stress. (PDF, accepted 5 September 2022)
  • Ahmed S, Qasim M, Ansari M, Babar S, Sardar R, Ahmad MN, Bukhari S, Ismail MA, Zia A, Arif M. Evaluation of restorative effect of salicyclic acid on Abelmoschus esculentus L. yield and biomass attributes for attenuating fluoride toxicity. (PDF, accepted 5 September 2022)
  • Ahmed S, Qasim M, Sardar R, Ansari M, Babar S, Bukhari S, Ahmad MN, Ismail MA, Arif M, Zia A. Salicyclic acid mitigates fluoride stress in Abelmoschus esculentus L. through enhanced growth and biomass attributes. (PDF, accepted 5 Septembert 2022)
  • Ismail T, Ahmad SN, Ahmad KR, Suleman S, Kanwal MA, Shameem S, Inayat I, Azhur F, Raees K, Younis A, Nosheen A. Cypermethrin (CYP) and Lambda-cyhalothrin (lambda-CYH) exposure induced histopathological defects of reproductive organs in pregnant mice. (PDF, accepted 19 September 2022)
  • Das RK, Ray N. Ameliorative effect of Arthrospira platensis (Spirulina) dietary supplementation against fluoride toxicity in the fresh water fish, common carp ( Cyptinus carpio L). (PDF, accepted 7 October 2022)
  • Shameem S, Ahmad SN, Inayat I, Azhar F, Ismail T, Nosheen A, Azam I. Suleman S, Siddique S, Raees K, Kanwal MA, Ahmad KR. Toxic potentials of pyrethroid insecticides exposure in-utero on the cardiovascular development in mice embryos. (PDF, accepted 19 November 2022)
  • Bukhari S, Ahmed S, Azhar A, Sardar R, Hassan S, Ahmad MN. Environmental fluoride exposure and its toxic effects on plants: A roview. (PDF, accepted 27 November 2022)
  • Bukhari S, Ahmed S, Ali Z, Sardar R, Hassan S, Ahmad MN. Fluoride contamination in foods and drinking water: A review on its toxic effects and mitigation strategies. (PDF, accepted 27 November 2022)
  • Vazquez-Ayala L, Pozoz-Guillen A, Flores H, Palestino-Escobedo G, Escobar-Garcia DM. Effect of fluoride into osteoinductive processes in human osteoblast HFOB1.19 (PDF, accepted 278 January 2023)
  • Aims and scope

    To publish peer-reviewed scientific research on all aspects of fluoride

    Fluoride, Quarterly Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research Inc., is published four times a year, usually in March, June, September, and December, in both print (ISSN 0015-4725) and online (ISSN 2253-4083) and contains peer- reviewed scientific reports on agricultural, analytical, biochemical, biological, chemical, clinical, dental, ecological, environmental, industrial, medical, metabolic, pharmacological, synergistic, toxicological, and veterinary aspects of inorganic and organic fluorides. The journal does not contain advertising.

    Information for authors

    Fluoride is available free online to individual users, in full text without an embargo period.

    However, the copyright for the articles is held by the ISFR.

    Authors are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, link to the full text, and use them for any other lawful purpose without asking prior permission from the publisher, the ISFR, provided acknowledgement is given that the article was first published in Fluoride.

    No author, institutional, or article processing charges.

    The making of multiple copies of articles by institutions is allowed by Reproduction Rights Organizations (RROs) in many countries including New Zealand (Copyright Licensing New Zealand), Australia (Copyright Agency Limited), Canada (Access Canada), France (Centre Francais d'exploitation), Hong Kong (Hong Kong Reproduction Rights), Ireland (Irish Copyright Licensing Agency), Japan (Japan Academic Association for Copyright Clearance), South Africa (DALRO South Africa), United Kingdom (Copyright Licensing Agency), and the United States of America (Copyright Clearance Center). In return for this assignment of copyright to the ISFR and the accompanying income stream from the RROs, NO AUTHOR, INSTITUTIONAL, OR ARTICLE PROCESSING CHARGES ARE MADE. A printer's quality pdf of articles is available for download on the website and five free offprints of articles are supplied to authors.

    Articles should be written in Word and submitted by E-mail to the nearest Regional Editor. The Regional Editor will arrange for single blind peer review, usually with two reviewers, in which the peer reviewer knows the names of the authors but not vice versa.

    Saving copies in institutional repositories.

    Institutions can preserve a second copy of articles published by their researchers in an institutional repository.

    Scope and focus of Fluoride

    Fluoride publishes peer-reviewed scientific reports on agricultural, analytical, biochemical, biological, chemical, clinical, dental, ecological, environmental, industrial, medical, metabolic, pharmacological, synergistic, toxicological, and veterinary aspects of inorganic and organic fluorides.

    Peer review

    Papers are normally reviewed by two peer reviewers on a single blind basis in which the peer reviewer knows the identity of the authors but not vice versa.

    Submitting manuscripts to Fluoride, editorial policies, policies on conflict of interest, human and animal rights, informed consent, and guidelines for authors revised January-March 2015

    Manuscripts, including reports of original research, papers presented at ISFR conferences, research reviews, discussion papers, and letters to the editor, are accepted for publication after appropriate evaluation and recommendation by qualified reviewers. The initial version of the manuscript, double-spaced throughout with wide margins, should be submitted, as a Word attachment by E-mail, to the nearest Regional Editor. The E-mail addresses for these editors are given below and in the masthead of the Table of Contents on page i of each issue.

    Detailed instructions for preparing papers are available below and in Fluoride 2013;46(1):40-8. These instructions should be followed meticulously to avoid publication delays.

    The Editorial Officers of Fluoride strongly support the maintenance of the highest standards of animal care and the control of discomforts to animals in research. Authors must indicate whether their institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed. When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964, as revised in 2013, available from here. Fluoride follows the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and their Recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing, and publication of scholarly work in medical journals, updated December 2019, are available from here. The recommendations describe author responsibilities for conflicts of interest, human and animal rights, informed consent, and ethical policies.

    The Editorial Officers of Fluoride recommend that authors give attention to the areas of duplicate submission, research fraud including fabrication (making up research data) and falsification (manipulation of existing research data, tables, or images), plagiarism (passing off anothers work or idea as your own), authorship disputes (deliberately misrepresenting a scientists relationship to their work on a published paper), conflict of interest (nondisclosure to the publication that you have a direct or indirect conflict that prevents you from being unbiased in your paper), salami slicing (the slicing of research that would form one meaningful paper into several different papers), and the improper use of humans or animals in research including absent or inadequate informed consent of human subjects, or maltreatment of laboratory animals.

    For observational studies in epidemiology, authors might consider using the guidelines in the STROBE statement available from here

    When, after peer review, an editorial decision to reject a paper is made the paper should not be resubmitted to Fluoride, including to a different regional editor, unless the paper has been revised in accordance with any comments made in the rejection letter. The time spent by editors and peer reviewers in reviewing papers submitted for consideration for publication is highly valued and re-evaluating a rejected paper before it has been revised would result in a wasteful duplication of effort. 

    Data sharing policy

    All the data received on a paper are normally included in the published paper so that it is shared.

    Where to send papers for consideration of publication in Fluoride

    Authors should send papers to the nearest regional editor for their area. The regional editors are:

    Regional Editor for Africa:

    Regional Editor for Eastern Europe:

    Regional Editor for India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, and Sri Lanka:

    Regional Editor for Latin America, including Mexico, Central America, and Cuba:

    Regional Editor for the Middle East:

    Regional Editor for Pakistan and Afghanistan:

    Regional Editors for People's Republic of China

    General information on the ISFR and subscribing to Fluoride in hardcopy

    The Society is an independent non-profit organization which promotes the sharing of scientific research on all aspects of inorganic and organic fluorides by hosting international conferences on fluoride research and publishing quarterly, online (ISSN2253-4083) and in print (ISSN 0015-4725), the open access journal Fluoride: Quarterly Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research Inc.

    Click the links below to open the related webpage or PDF file. PDF links open in new page or tab.

    The 35th conference of the ISFR, Harbin, People's Republic of China. July 28-31, 2022 The conference was held online due to Covid 19. The abstracts of 94 papers and 46 posters are now available on the website.

  • First announcement and call for abstracts: XXXVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Harbin, Peoples Republic of China, July 28-31, 2022:

    (PDF, Date of announcement 20 October 2021)
  • Website, in Chinese and English, including link for online submissions which is now open and QR (Quick Response) code for login with a personal computer or mobile phone, for the: XXXVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Harbin, Peoples Republic of China, July 28-31, 2022:

    (PDF, Date of posting 2 January 2022)
  • Impact factor

    Thomson Reuters Journal Impact Factor (From the Bioxbio Journal Impact factor based on the citation information of journals in their database and the Academic Accelerator Impact Factor Database)(Journal ISSN 0154725).

    Contact information for problems

    Please contact me if you have any problems using the site or if you wish to access an issue that is not opening. I think I have changed the website addresses of all the past issues from www.fluorideresearch.org addresses to the new www.fluorideresearch.online addresses. Bruce Spittle, Editor-in-Chief, Fluoride, spittle727@gmail.com


    Copyright statement

    Owned and published by the ISFR. Copyright 2023. All rights reserved. 10 January 2023 0832

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