Quarterly Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research Inc. (ISFR)

The 35th conference of the ISFR, Harbin, People's Republic of China. July 28-31, 2022

  • First announcement and call for abstracts: XXXVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Harbin, Peoples Republic of China, July 28-31, 2022:

    (PDF, Date of announcement 20 October 2021)
  • Searching all the issues of Fluoride since 1968

    To search this site, (including PDF documents) for an author or subject enter the key words in the white box on the left below and then click the search button on the right:

    Accessing the last issue of Fluoride

    Accessing all the issues of Fluoride since 1968 in full text

    Back issues 1968-2018. (PDF)

    Accessing the proceedings of the four international workshops on fluorosis and defluoridation of water

    Now available on the internet for the first time with full colour in the illustrations.

    Proceedings of the 1st international workshop on fluorosis and defluoridation of water. Ngurdoto, Tanzania, October 18-22, 1995. (PDF)

    Proceedings of the 2nd international workshop on fluorosis and defluoridation of water. Nazreth, Ethiopia, November 19-25, 1997. (PDF)

    Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop on fluorosis and defluoridation of water. Chiang Mai, Thailand, November 20-24, 2000. (PDF)

    Proceedings of the 4th international workshop on fluorosis and defluoridation of water. Colombo, Sri Lanka, march 2-6, 2004. (PDF)

    Epublications ahead of print

    These will be posted online as they become ready.

  • Cetin S, Dede S, Oto G, Yuksek V, Bulduk M, Ozdemir H. The effect of resveratrol on serum proteing fractions in rats exposed to experimental chronic fluorosis. (PDF, accepted 23 September 2020)
  • Epublications ahead of copy-editing, type-setting, and print

    These papers have been accepted for publication in Fluoride after peer review and are awaiting copy-editing and type-setting. They will then be moved to the section above of Epublications ahead of print and, in due course, appear in print with the final volume and page numbers. Publication of papers as an Epublication ahead of copy-editing, type-setting, and print is being done to minimize the time between acceptance and publication in some form which is important for providing timeliness of publication and author needs including those for graduation and promotion.

  • Mohapatra S, Tripathy SK, Mohanty AK, Tripathy S. Fluoride toxicity in rice fields in the periphery of aluminium smelter in Odisha, India. (PDF, accepted 22 November 2020)
  • Chetverikov S, Hkudaigulov G. New Ensifer moralensis H16 strain for perfluorooctane sulphonate destruction. (PDF, accepted 26 November 2020)
  • Tan YJ, Liang C, Gao Y, Wang SH, Yang J, Wang JD, Zhang JH. Chronic fluoride exposure induced testicular mitochondial dysfuction associates with upregulation of ATP5B. (PDF, accepted 10 Decmber 2020)
  • Chiba FY, Tsosura TVS, Mattera MSdeLC, Pereira RF, dos Santos RM, de Oliveira RAF, Garbin CAS, Belardi BE, de Oliveira SHP, Matsushito DH. Chronic sodium fluoride intake promotes changes in insulin signalling and inflammatory pathways in the skeletal muscle of rats. (PDF, accepted 18 December 2020)
  • Erdogan Y, Kucukesmen C. Effects of dental fluorosis on clinical performance and acceptability of a composite filling material in fluorosed teeth of child and adolescent patients. (PDF, accepted 5 January 2021)
  • Huma, Verma Y, Rana SVS. Liver and kidney function in rats co-treated with fluoride and arsenic for different time intervals. (PDF, accepted 2 March 2021)
  • Uyar DS, Ozgul BM, Tirali RE. Efficiency of fluoride-free toothpastes on the inhibition of erosive tooth wear in primary and permanent teeth. (PDF, accepted 7 February 2021)
  • Komuroglu AU, Basbugan Y, Arihan O, Karaoz Arihan S. Effects of acute and chronic fluoride administration on some kidney parameters of rats (CYS-c, KIM-1, NGAL). (PDF, accepted 28 February 2021)
  • Ranjith M, Sridevi S, Jeevanrao K, Ramesh T. Fluoride contamination in irrigation water, soil, and crops of Rangareddy district of Telangana state, India. (PDF, accepted 14 March 2021)
  • Ezberci S, Alkis M. Knowledge of the parents of children living in Usak province, Turkey, about oral health, proventive applications, and fluoride. (PDF, accepted 13 April 2021)
  • Rahman N, Hussain M, Yang J, Khan R, Sohail M, Iqbal A, Khan AA, Zulfiqar, Zaman T, Khattak SA, Khan SN. DFT based first-principle study of the structural, elastic, electronic, and optical properties of the beryllium-based fluoroperovskites BeMF3 (M = Ti and V) (PDF, accepted 15 July 2021)
  • Bhat RS, Alghamdi JM, Aldbass AM, Aljebrin NA, Alangery AB, Soliman DA, , Al-Daihan S. Biochemical and FT-IR profiling of Tritium aestivum L. seedling in response to sodium fluoride treatment. (PDF, accepted 6 May 2021)
  • Ali M, Shahani R, Ahmad SM, Hassan S, Nawaz A, Haris Shah M. Medical personnel's attitudes and awareness regarding benefits and risks of use of fluoridated substances: Case study in Peshawar city, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. (PDF, accepted 11 May 2021)
  • Urooj R, Ahmad SS, Ahmad MN. Hotspots of fluoride pollution in fields around the coal-fired brick kilns. (PDF, accepted 19 May 2021)
  • Lombarte M, Fina BL, Lima AL, Lupo M, Buzalaf MAR. Differential expression of protein in muscle of rats treated with fluoride and exercise. (PDF, accepted 2 August 2021)
  • Choubisa SL. Status of chronic fluoride exposure and its adverse health consequences in tribal people of scheduled areas of Rajasthan, India. (PDF, accepted 26 June 2021)
  • Tangestani M, Spitz J, Bahrani F, Mahvi AH, Dobaradaran S. Fluoride content in commerically available green tea in Germany and assessing the non-carcinogenic risk. (PDF, accepted 27 June 2021)
  • Tangestani M, Spitz J, Bahrani F, Mahvi AH, Dobaradaran S. The non-carcinogenic risk via consumption of commercially available salt in Germany. (PDF, accepted 27 June 2021)
  • Koruyucu M, Ilisulu C, Sarcan F, Kuruoglu F, Erol A, Seymen F. Protective effects of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors on dental erosion. (PDF, accepted 27 June 2021)
  • Yildiz PK Yavuz BS, Durhan AR, Oktay NS, Kargul B. The effect of single application of different fluoride varnishes on enamel subsurface lesions in vitro . (PDF, accepted 29 June 2021)
  • Pattaravisitsate N, Phetrak A, Denpetkul T, Kittipongvises S, Kuroda K. Effects of brewing conditions on infusible fluoride levels in tea and herbal products and probalistic health risk assessment. (PDF, accepted 7 July 2021)
  • Jahanimoghadam F, Gisour EF, Dehesh T, Hasheminejad J, Ranjbar M. The comparison of conventional sodium fluoride varnish and nano sodium fluoride gel regarding fluoride uptake into enamel of deciduous teeth: An in-vitro study with SEM-EDX analysis. (PDF, accepted 31 August 2021)
  • Shitova AS, Petrenko DB, Okina OI, Vasiliev NV. Fluoride influence on the growth, morphological, and biochemical parameters and elemental composition of Triticum aestivum L. in the model experiment. (PDF, accepted 8 September 2021)
  • Ahmad M, Mustafa G, Ali N, Laiq M. Statistical prediction of fluoride concentration in groundwater of district Multan, Pakistan, using Kriging methods. (PDF, accepted 16 September 2021)
  • Ahmad MS, Sarker MNI, Ahmad MN, Ali M, Sadiq, Abbas M. Does high fluoride intake cause low IQ? A case of Islamic religious schools ( Madrassa ) in rural and urban areas of Sindh, Pakistan. (PDF, accepted 17 September 2021)
  • Eliacik BK, Karahan M, Baysan C, Koruyucu M, Seymen F. Assessment of education, knowledge and attitudes of pediatric dentists about silver diamine fluoride in a country without official approval as preventive treatment. (PDF, accepted 18 September 2021)
  • Koruyucu M, Ozcan H, Birant S, Ilisulu C, Bekiroglu N, Seymen F. Investigation of the self-reported attitude of dentists towards preventive applications. (PDF, accepted 28 September 2021)
  • Aziz F, Din I, Amin M, Khan MI, Khan F, Khurshid M. Fluoride removal from water by a novel Dodonaea viscosa bark biochar adsorbent. (PDF, accepted 1 October 2021)
  • Ma Y-L, Li H-M, Deng J, Zhang K-L. Changes in the RAGE/NADPH oxidase signaling pathway and oxidative stress levels in SH-SY5Y cells exposed to high levels of fluoride. (PDF, accepted 13 October 2021)
  • Kaur R, Batra M, Saxena A. Scavenging effect of vitamin C against sodium fluoride residue accumulation in freshwater fish, Amur carp ( Cyprinus carpio haematopterus ). (PDF, accepted 12 February 2021)
  • Valdez-Jimenez L, Valdez-Jimenez LM, Marin-Barba P, Perez-Vega MI. Correlation analysis of fluoride levels and cognitive test performances in the adult population exposed to water consumption with high concentrations of fluoride. (PDF, accepted 16 October 2021)
  • Tan SW, Pang SJ, Zhu SQ, Wei W, Sun DJ. Protective effect of anthocyanins from blueberry on fluoride-induced immune system injury in Wistar rats. (PDF, accepted 26 October 2021)
  • Balkan E, Cakir FY, Vural UK, Gurgan S. Evaluation of the amount of fluoride release and micro hardness of enamel adjacent to different fluoride releasing restorative materials. (PDF, accepted 28 November 2021)
  • Aims and scope

    To publish peer-reviewed scientific research on all aspects of fluoride

    Fluoride, Quarterly Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research Inc., is published four times a year, usually in March, June, September, and December, in both print (ISSN 0015-4725) and online (ISSN 2253-4083) and contains peer- reviewed scientific reports on agricultural, analytical, biochemical, biological, chemical, clinical, dental, ecological, environmental, industrial, medical, metabolic, pharmacological, synergistic, toxicological, and veterinary aspects of inorganic and organic fluorides. The journal does not contain advertising.

    Information for authors

    Fluoride is available free online to individual users, in full text without an embargo period.

    However, the copyright for the articles is held by the ISFR.

    Authors are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, link to the full text, and use them for any other lawful purpose without asking prior permission from the publisher, the ISFR, provided acknowledgement is given that the article was first published in Fluoride.

    No author, institutional, or article processing charges.

    The making of multiple copies of articles by institutions is allowed by Reproduction Rights Organizations (RROs) in many countries including New Zealand (Copyright Licensing New Zealand), Australia (Copyright Agency Limited), Canada (Access Canada), France (Centre Francais d'exploitation), Hong Kong (Hong Kong Reproduction Rights), Ireland (Irish Copyright Licensing Agency), Japan (Japan Academic Association for Copyright Clearance), South Africa (DALRO South Africa), United Kingdom (Copyright Licensing Agency), and the United States of America (Copyright Clearance Center). In return for this assignment of copyright to the ISFR and the accompanying income stream from the RROs, NO AUTHOR, INSTITUTIONAL, OR ARTICLE PROCESSING CHARGES ARE MADE. A printer's quality pdf of articles is available for download on the website and five free offprints of articles are supplied to authors.

    Articles should be written in Word and submitted by E-mail to the nearest Regional Editor. The Regional Editor will arrange for single blind peer review, usually with two reviewers, in which the peer reviewer knows the names of the authors but not vice versa.

    Saving copies in institutional repositories.

    Institutions can preserve a second copy of articles published by their researchers in an institutional repository.

    Scope and focus of Fluoride

    Fluoride publishes peer-reviewed scientific reports on agricultural, analytical, biochemical, biological, chemical, clinical, dental, ecological, environmental, industrial, medical, metabolic, pharmacological, synergistic, toxicological, and veterinary aspects of inorganic and organic fluorides.

    Peer review

    Papers are normally reviewed by two peer reviewers on a single blind basis in which the peer reviewer knows the identity of the authors but not vice versa.

    Submitting manuscripts to Fluoride, editorial policies, policies on conflict of interest, human and animal rights, informed consent, and guidelines for authors revised January-March 2015

    Manuscripts, including reports of original research, papers presented at ISFR conferences, research reviews, discussion papers, and letters to the editor, are accepted for publication after appropriate evaluation and recommendation by qualified reviewers. The initial version of the manuscript, double-spaced throughout with wide margins, should be submitted, as a Word attachment by E-mail, to the nearest Regional Editor. The E-mail addresses for these editors are given below and in the masthead of the Table of Contents on page i of each issue.

    Detailed instructions for preparing papers are available below and in Fluoride 2013;46(1):40-8. These instructions should be followed meticulously to avoid publication delays.

    The Editorial Officers of Fluoride strongly support the maintenance of the highest standards of animal care and the control of discomforts to animals in research. Authors must indicate whether their institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed. When reporting experiments on human subjects, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964, as revised in 2013, available from here. Fluoride follows the recommendations of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), and their Recommendations for the conduct, reporting, editing, and publication of scholarly work in medical journals, updated December 2019, are available from here. The recommendations describe author responsibilities for conflicts of interest, human and animal rights, informed consent, and ethical policies.

    The Editorial Officers of Fluoride recommend that authors give attention to the areas of duplicate submission, research fraud including fabrication (making up research data) and falsification (manipulation of existing research data, tables, or images), plagiarism (passing off anothers work or idea as your own), authorship disputes (deliberately misrepresenting a scientists relationship to their work on a published paper), conflict of interest (nondisclosure to the publication that you have a direct or indirect conflict that prevents you from being unbiased in your paper), salami slicing (the slicing of research that would form one meaningful paper into several different papers), and the improper use of humans or animals in research including absent or inadequate informed consent of human subjects, or maltreatment of laboratory animals.

    For observational studies in epidemiology, authors might consider using the guidelines in the STROBE statement available from here

    When, after peer review, an editorial decision to reject a paper is made the paper should not be resubmitted to Fluoride, including to a different regional editor, unless the paper has been revised in accordance with any comments made in the rejection letter. The time spent by editors and peer reviewers in reviewing papers submitted for consideration for publication is highly valued and re-evaluating a rejected paper before it has been revised would result in a wasteful duplication of effort. 

    Data sharing policy

    All the data received on a paper are normally included in the published paper so that it is shared.

    Where to send papers for consideration of publication in Fluoride

    Authors should send papers to the nearest regional editor for their area. The regional editors are:

    Regional Editor for Africa:

    Regional Editor for Eastern Europe:

    Regional Editors for India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Indonesia, Maldives, Myanmar, Nepal, and Sri Lanka:

    Regional Editor for Latin America, including Mexico, Central America, and Cuba:

    Regional Editor for the Middle East:

    Regional Editor for Pakistan and Afghanistan:

    Regional Editors for People's Republic of China

    General information on the ISFR and subscribing to Fluoride in hardcopy

    The Society is an independent non-profit organization which promotes the sharing of scientific research on all aspects of inorganic and organic fluorides by hosting international conferences on fluoride research and publishing quarterly, online (ISSN2253-4083) and in print (ISSN 0015-4725), the open access journal Fluoride: Quarterly Journal of the International Society for Fluoride Research Inc.

    Click the links below to open the related webpage or PDF file. PDF links open in new page or tab.

    The 35th conference of the ISFR, Harbin, People's Republic of China. July 28-31, 2022

  • First announcement and call for abstracts: XXXVth Conference of the International Society for Fluoride Research, Harbin, Peoples Republic of China, July 28-31, 2022:

    (PDF, Date of announcement 20 October 2021)
  • Impact factor

    Thomson Reuters Journal Impact Factor (From the Bioxbio Journal Impact factor based on the citation information of journals in their database and the Academic Accelerator Impact Factor Database)(Journal ISSN 0154725).

    Contact information for problems

    Please contact me if you have any problems using the site or if you wish to access an issue that is not opening. I think I have changed the website addresses of all the past issues from www.fluorideresearch.org addresses to the new www.fluorideresearch.online addresses. Bruce Spittle, Editor-in-Chief, Fluoride, spittle727@gmail.com

    Copyright statement

    Owned and published by the ISFR. Copyright 2021. All rights reserved. 1958 29 Novemer 2021.